In India, cremation is an important religious and spiritual practice that has been part of the culture for centuries. This guide explores the Hindu cremation rituals and explains the associated practices related to this custom.
What Does Cremation Mean in Hindi?
The word “cremation” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Jatharagni”, which literally means “fire of the stomach”. In Hindi, cremation is known as “Maran” or “antim sanskar”. According to Hinduism, when a body is burned on a funeral pyre, it symbolizes the release of the soul, with the smoke and ashes representing its transition to another realm.
In traditional Hindu funerals, the body is bathed in holy water and anointed with oil before being wrapped in cloth and laid on a wooden pyre. A small bundle of sacred items, usually including basil leaves, sandalwood powder, flowers, fruits, and clothing are also burned with the body. Afterward, the ashes are immersed in a local river or sacred lake as a final act of purification before their final ascent to heaven. Cremation is the preferred method of disposing of remains for Hindus around the world as it allows for the idyllic release of one’s soul into the afterlife.
The word for cremation in Hindi is jālandharā. This concept has been practiced by Hindus for centuries, with early archaeological evidence of it dating back to the 4th century BCE. It’s meant to be a respectful yet joyous occasion where family and friends can come together to honor the deceased’s life and celebrate their transition into another realm. Today, many families prefer to hold cremation ceremonies as a way of saying goodbye and offering closure on a loved one’s life.
The Hindu Perspective on Cremation.
The traditional Hindu cremation rituals perspective is that it is a sacred act, through which the soul of the deceased is released and allowed to continue onward in its spiritual journey. This ceremony also helps family members find closure and gives them an opportunity to pay respects to their loved ones. During the ceremony, Hindu prayers are chanted, offering food or money for charity, asking for forgiveness for any wrongdoings suffered by the deceased, and paying tribute with songs.
In Hinduism, the cremation ritual is an important part of the death rite. It is believed that when the physical body is burned, the soul is released and able to take its place in heaven or a higher plane. According to tradition, the funeral pyre must be made of pure wood and all corners of it must point eastward. The body should also be placed on its right side with its head facing north. Normally, after being placed on the pyre, a few drops of clarified butter are placed on the lips of the deceased as offerings. During the Hindu cremation rituals, family members walk around the pyre four times before lighting it, offering prayers for moksha or liberation from their loved one’s suffering.
Who Performs the Ritual?
In a traditional Hindu Cremation ritual, the eldest son of the deceased leads the procession, performing important tasks such as placing pieces of dried grass on the body and taking off any jewelry or objects that adorn it. Other family members may also help in these duties if necessary. Depending on the customs of certain areas, other elderly men from the family or village might be present at this time. Additionally, Brahmin priests are often hired to lead prayers and officiate the ceremony with their appropriate rituals.
To prepare for a Hindu cremation ritual, the body is washed and draped with a white cloth and placed in a specific position. The funeral procession follows a set pattern as it brings the body to the shores of a river or another body of water. Once present at the banks, family members circumambulate around the corpse three times while saying prayers; this process is meant to show honor and respect towards the spirit of their deceased loved one. During this moment, ashes are cast into the water with garlands of flowers and incense lit as offerings.
To signify the passage of their loved one onto their next life, Hindus sometimes sprinkle some of the ashes while they make their way back home. In essence, a cremation ceremony is a sign of humanity’s journey to eternity and the transformation of life energy or Karman. Though it is a very emotional time for family and friends, the rituals performed during cremating of a body are still deeply spiritual in nature despite any sadness that may be felt.
The Steps of the Ritual.
The rituals will vary depending on the types of customs in a certain locality, but the standard steps for most cremations are roughly the same. These include preparing the body for the fire, lighting the pyre, chanting mantras and offerings to Agni (the God of Fire) to ensure safe passage of the soul, and finally, spreading the ashes over a body of water or a sacred tree. After this is done, food and drinks are served as part of respect and remembrance for the deceased person.
The word cremation in Hindi is “Antim Sanskar,” which is also the term used to describe the ceremony itself. This word literally translates to “last ceremony,” and it is typically made up of rituals that include writing a message for Yama (the God of Death), placing coins on the eyes of the deceased, and offerings of food and water. It is believed that these elements all help the soul pass safely into their next life or afterlife. During the ceremony, it is customary for those attending to partake in chanting mantras from scriptures such as Bhagavad-Gita, expressing prayers for peace.
After the written messages and orations are complete, the fire is lit and starts to consume the body. This process is carried out largely in silence, with only those performing the ceremony talking as a way of honoring their loved ones. It is believed that during this time, Yama comes down from heaven to take away the departed soul, which is why offerings of food, flowers, and water are made so that they may have sustenance. Once the ashes cool down and all items have been collected they are typically buried or disposed of in nearby bodies of water such as rivers or oceans. Cremation in Hindu tradition symbolizes not only a spiritual journey for the deceased but also rebirth as well as a connection between humans and nature.